As can beseen from the above charts, some important changes have taken place in the pastyears with regard to the employment of university graduates. In 1992, about 50％of the university graduates found suitable positions in state-owned firms, whileonly 18％of them were working in private firms. However, in 2002, private firms tookalmost 50％of graduate, while only 15％of them were willing to work in state-owned firms.
It is nodifficult job for us to come up with some possible factors that underlie theabove changes. In the first place, most state-owned firms were still operatedunder planned economy, whose economic condition was not as good as expected.Therefore, fewer and fewer university graduates wanted to find jobs instate-owned firms. In the second place, private firms were run undermarket-oriented economy. There were flexible systems in private firms, in whichuniversity graduates were more likely to apply what they had learned in schoolto their work. Thus they could have more chances to be promoted, as they werewilling to work in private firms.
From whathas been discussed so far, I think that the employment situation in thestate-owned firms won’t change much so long as the state-owned firms don’tchange their system. And it can be predicted that the present situation willcontinue for quite a while in the near future.